To reflect the principle of reliability and to maintain academic standards, all summative assessment (including examinations) must be subject to the grading and moderation process.
All assessments that contribute toward a final module grade (i.e. summative) must be subject to internal and external moderation processes . Under no circumstances should unmoderated grades on summative assessments be given to students.
The processes of grading and moderation include: 1) Standardisation, 2) First Grading, 3) Second Grading 4) Internal Moderation and 5) External Examiner Scrutiny.
If a member of staff involved in the process of grading and moderation suspects academic misconduct s/he must contact the School Academic Integrity and Misconduct Officer (SAIMO).
A downloadable report can be produced from the Grade Centre in NILE to evidence the process of internal moderation for the External Examiner. Guidance on this can be found in the SaGE Workflows.
 Level 4 summative assessment is dealt with slightly differently since the overall module grade does not contribute toward the degree classification (although it counts toward the credit accumulation). This does not apply for new awards or for awards of two years’ duration.
Internal and External Moderation Expectations
Dissertation/principal modules, presentations and performances must always involve two graders. For other items of assessment a sample must be second graded.
Where assessments are highly numerical or are broken down into several constituent parts, graders must ensure that the summation of grades awarded is accurate by checking all papers and calculations.
During Internal Moderation, first and second graders discuss the grades they have awarded following scrutiny of the assessment sample (see image). The agreed outcome is recorded. Where agreement cannot be reached the Programme Leader will adjudicate.
Where a student’s work has been included in the sample the feedback must be combined into a single set of feedback and one agreed grade.
The sample/process for second grading will:
include at least 10%, or 100% if the total number of assessments is less than eight.
comprise assessments (i.e. assignments and examinations) from across the range of grades. The exception is assessments at Level 4, where only fail and borderline pass/fails scripts will be included in the sample.
require that all assessment fails will be considered by two graders, except at level 4 where a sample will be considered.
If there are any queries about the probity of the grading, one of the following will be undertaken:
Second grading of a larger sample
Agreed revisions to the graders’ interpretation of assessment criteria
Use of a third grader
Remarking or adjustment of grades for the whole batch of scripts
It is possible for internal moderation of an item of assessment to occur within a team as long as internal moderation always occurs by a different member of staff from that undertaking the first grader role.
Where provision involving Education with Others relates to a programme that is not run at the University, the Partnership Manager will identify how internal moderation will take place.
Once internal moderation has occurred, grades will be provided to the SAT teams for input onto the student records system.
Once graded, all assessments must be stored for external scrutiny, in line with the University’s policy on data storage.
External examiner scrutiny should occur as follows:
The sample size will be at least 10% or at least six pieces of work, whichever is greater. Where a cohort comprises eight students or fewer, all items will be moderated.
The sample should be taken from those levels which contribute to the final award classification. In addition, the sample should include material from Level 4 of any new course.
Attention should focus on those items that have been awarded:
A borderline pass/fail
A mark at an interface between grades
Extremes of grade boundaries