Section 4: Principles of good feedback practice
What are principles of good feedback practice?
Nicol and Macfarlane-Dick (2006) suggest seven principles of good feedback practice.
Good feedback practice:
Helps clarify what good performance is (goals, criteria, expected standards);
Facilitates the development of self-assessment (reflection) in learning;
Delivers high quality information to students about their learning;
Encourages teacher and peer dialogue around learning;
Encourages positive motivational beliefs and self-esteem;
Provides opportunities to close the gap between current and desired performance;
Provides information to teachers that can be used to help shape teaching.